Latest Developments in Biomass and Waste
Conversion Technologies to Energy
Prof. Kunio Yoshikawa, Dr. Michael Flamme and Prof. Ashwani Gupta
Hotel Estoril Eden, Estoril-Lisbon, Portugal, 21-22 March 2007
COURSE AIMS AND SCOPE
The challenges for the near future are the need for the development of new solutions for sustainable energy supply and increasing energy prices. The general tendency with increasing energy prices will continue because of an expected increase in energy consumption by 50% during the next 25 years.
Within this context waste management and conversion of waste and biomass to energy are getting more and more in the focus of a sustainable development. According to the increasing energy costs the production of energy from biomass is getting into the focus of the large energy distribution companies and public utilities. The market for the different technologies will increase very rapidly.
Apart from the growing economical relevance of waste and biomass conversion technologies there is of course the advantage of a CO2 neutral heat and power production capability. Therefore the European Commission laid down the target to increase the amount of green electricity from actual 14 to 21% in 2010. Additionally the costs for waste treatment increases and small to medium size decentralized conversion of waste into heat and power is an interesting alternative to conventional technologies.
This Short Course will give an overview about the different waste and biomass utilisation technologies and helps to get a better understanding of the different strategies. The different technologies will be highlighted and the state of the art of the technologies will be summarized. Additionally an overview of pilot plants and first commercial plants will be given. The main focus will be drawn to gasification technologies and the application of the synthetic gases for combined heat and power applications.
This Course on waste and biomass conversion to energy is particularly concerned with providing an overview about the latest developments of the technology including the presentation of recent commercial applications. Consequently the Course will provide a greater understanding of the principles associated with the efficient application and operation of novel waste and biomass conversion technologies.
The Course will involve lectures and case studies. Delegates will be encouraged to take part in discussions on the topics covered in the sessions to ensure that they obtain maximum benefit from the Course and comprehensive handouts will be provided.
The Course is dedicated to people who are the decision makers in industry and politics, engineers and technicians from plant operating companies as well from engineering and consulting companies. The seminar will be of value to staff responsible for the efficient management and operation of gasification and combustion equipment for combined heat and power applications and waste management. It will also benefit personnel involved with technical marketing of biomass and waste utilisation equipment and those working in associated fields such as fuel technology and energy management. Additional it will be also informative for people from research funding organisation and politicians. Research staff working in relevant areas may also find the seminar of value since it provides an overall grounding to understanding the use of biomass and waste for heat and power generation.
Prof. Kunio Yoshikawa, is Professor of the Department of Environmental Science and Technology, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan. He is internationally well-known for his works on total technologies of small-scale Waste-to-Energy systems. He manages his own venture company to commercialize R&D achievements in the University, and has plenty of experience on running pilot and commercial plants as well as on fundamental research works. He is the winner of the ASME (American Society of Mechanical Engineers) James Harry Potter Gold Medal in 2001.
Dr. Michael Flamme, internationally known for his work on gas-fired technology over a period of more than 20 years with Gaswärme-Institut. He has particular expertise and knowledge of high temperature industrial processes, combustion technologies for gas turbines and boilers and waste and biomass conversion to energy. He authored over 100 articles for publication in national and international journals and conference proceedings. His scientific achievements were rewarded by the Wilhelm Jost Medal of the German Section of the Pittsburgh Combustion Institute in 1993. He currently manages his own independent energy consultancy (FlammeConsulting) in Essen, Germany.
Prof. Ashwani Gupta, is Professor of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Maryland, College Park, USA since 1983. Previously he was a Member of Research Staff at MIT and Sheffield University, UK. He received his Ph.D. and higher doctorate, D.Sc. from Sheffield University. His current research interests are in clean combustion, energy conservation, propulsion and laser diagnostics. He has co-authored three books, edited 10 books, 7 book chapters and over 400 papers and delivered numerous Plenary and Keynote Lectures at International Conferences worldwide. He is a co-author of the popular book entitled "High Temperature Air Combustion: from energy conservation to pollution reduction" published by CRC Press, 2003 which is now in its third printing. He is a Fellow of AIAA and ASME and member of SAE and the Combustion Institute. He has received several honors and awards, including the AIAA Energy Systems award and Propellants and Combustion award, the ASME George Westinghouse Gold medal award, James Harry Potter award and James Landis award, and the University of Maryland President Kirwan research award and the College of Engineering research award. He has also received several best paper awards from AIAA and ASME. He has served as a consultant to number of countries worldwide.
SPEAKERS FROM INDUSTRY
Christian Aichernig is managing director of REPOTEC GmbH. With his Company he reached a breakthrough in the gasification technology at the Biomass CHP Plant in Güssing (A). Besides that he is teaching process engineering at the Fachhochschule Joanneum Kapfenberg. He is the author and co-author of several papers dealing with biomass gasification and delivered numerous lectures at international conferences.
Mark A. Paisley joined Taylor Biomass Energy as the Vice President of Research and Development in August of 2005. He is internationally recognized as an expert in gasification technologies, specializing in biomass gasification. He is the inventor of the Taylor Gasification process and inventor or co-inventor of several other gasification technologies including the SilvaGas® process. Mr. Paisley was in charge of the initial development of a major biomass gasification process at Battelle Memorial Institute. Mr. Paisley served as the Vice President for Technology at FERCO Enterprises prior to his employment at Taylor Biomass Energy. Prior to FERCO, he completed a 20-year career at Battelle, and worked at Bituminous Coal Research and the Babcock & Wilcox Research Center. Mr. Paisley has over 35 years of experience with gasification technologies and energy and chemical value recovery from fuel and residue materials. He has extensively published articles relating to biomass gasification and fuel conversion technologies. As an expert in the renewable energy field, Mr. Paisley authored the Biomass Energy section for the online Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology. He holds several U.S. and foreign patents on energy and material recovery processes. In 1998, Mr. Paisley was awarded the R&D 100 Award for the SilvaGas® gasification process. Mr. Paisley is a member of the American Chemical Society, Fuels Division; The American Institute of Chemical Engineers; and the Biomass Energy Research Association. He also serves as a member of the Board of Directors for the Biomass Energy Research Association. Mr. Paisley is a Registered Professional Engineer who has been recognized in Who's Who in Frontiers of Science and Technology, Who's Who in the Midwest, and the International Who's Who for Professionals. Mr. Paisley received his B.S. in Chemical Engineering from the University of Cincinnati. Graduate work in chemical engineering was completed at the University of Akron in Ohio.
Energy and Combustion Technology
Dr. Michael Flamme
45136 Essen, Germany